It’s time to start baking “sustainographics” into your segmentation.
Shelton Stat of the Week
More than a quarter (26%) of Americans can name a brand they’ve purchased—or not purchased—because of the environmental record of the manufacturer. Of the three types of people within that 26%, Choosers make up the largest group and 60% trust the companies they buy from to be environmentally and socially responsible and 35% say they’ve read a company’s sustainability report. — Shoptivism, 2021
What’s your target buyer’s name?
Maybe it’s something personal and simple like, “Sam,” or maybe it’s something sort of marketing-y like, “Betty Buyer,” or maybe it’s more descriptive like one of Shelton’s consumer segments, “True Believers.”
Regardless of the name, one thing target audience profiles have in common is that they segment the market based on demographics first (age, income, education level, etc.) and then some form of psychographics (needs, drivers, care-abouts, values, beliefs, what makes them tick). It’s time to start adding into the mix an emerging psychographic differentiator we’re calling “sustainographics.” Here’s why:
- Once upon a time (and to this day, honestly), marketers and sustainability practitioners referred to “The Green Consumer” as a distinct profile or persona for a specific type of human being whose defining characteristic is that they’re interested in and actively buying green products.
- The reality is that 42% of Americans want to be seen as someone who’s buying green products, and 26% can offer up a brand—unaided—that they’ve purchased or not purchased because of the environmental or social record of the manufacturer. See our Greenbiz webcast to learn more but the important thing is that the 26% breaks out into a bunch of different profiles with different demographics and different psychographics. Though they’re not official segments, we call them “Choosers,” “Stoppers,” and “Changelings.”
- Layer on that the vast majority of people in America think recycling is the bare minimum they can do for the environment, that companies have a responsibility for the end of life of their products, and that companies should stand for something more than just making money and taking good care of their employees, and it’s pretty obvious that most Americans have environmental and social drivers mixed in with all their other drivers as they choose products and services.
The question to answer is: What are the specific sustainability drivers for your segmentation system?
Let’s first differentiate between segments and personas. Segmentation systems quantitatively divide the market into groups based on similarities. As this helpful HBR article puts it, “Segmenting, at its most basic, is the separation of a group of customers with different needs into subgroups of customers with similar needs and preferences.” Segments are sort of uncovered—the similarities exist, and segmentation systems simply identify those similarities and put people into buckets or groups based on them. Personas bring those segmented groups to life by personifying the numbers into a fictionalized story of an individual who typifies each segment—or often just the key target segment.
What we’re recommending is that market researchers everywhere begin to include environmental and social drivers in the psychographic criteria they’re collecting and uncovering and then leverage that understanding in the creation of the story—the persona—about the human beings they want to communicate with and sell to.
This is, of course, easier said than done. Some people are way more concerned about and driven by the social aspects of sustainability—and that could include how companies treat employees, social stands companies have taken (or not taken), causes companies support, standards/limitations they’re putting on their supply chains around human rights, and so on. Other people are more concerned about environmental aspects, and that could include everything from corporate commitments on climate change all the way to making products with a high recycled content mix that are also recyclable.
As you’re doing your market segmentation research, you need to seek to understand which aspects of sustainability are most important to YOUR buyer—and which aspects actually drive brand favorability/loyalty and intent to purchase. Once you understand that, you can bake it into your buyer persona, and it should become a piece of your communications mix. In other words, you should serve up sustainability-related content some of the time but not all of the time (unless that’s core to your brand’s value proposition), and it should be a key ingredient in the overall story you’re telling—not a stand-alone story.
Think about it like vegetable soup: Sustainability benefits should be all mixed in with functional and emotional benefits just like tomatoes, peas, carrots and onions are in the soup.
Again, easier said than done—not all vegetable soup is created equal. So, drop us a line or give us a shout if we can help you think this through. We’re still somewhat early in our work on this front, so we can all learn together.
— Marketing Week
As “engineers of demand,” the greatest way advertisers and marketers can help combat climate change is by promoting better alternatives. In this Marketing Week piece, they detail the impact that advertisers and marketers can have by putting their expertise behind more sustainable alternatives.
Corona uncaps branded island experience that puts nature first
— Marketing Dive
Corona is building sustainability into their business by building a “Blue Verified” island getaway with natural materials and activities around “conscious consumption.” This Marketing Dive article details Corona’s plans for the island and provides a great example of how a brand can tie its brand identity to sustainability in a way that resonates with its market.
Shoptivism: Why Consumers (& Job Seekers) Opt In & Out of Today’s Brands
Sustainability is now mainstream and it’s affecting purchase behavior.
Every year we ask Americans if they’ve ever intentionally purchased or not purchased a product or service based on the social or environmental record of the manufacturer. We then ask everyone who says “yes” to name the brand. Those who say “yes” and can give an example of a brand unaided? We call them shoptivists.
But who are these “shoptivists?”
Our latest report answers this question with three distinct consumer profiles, including details on their mental models, their shopping patterns, the messages that resonate, and where to find them.